What is Exynos Processor?

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The Exynos processor, developed and manufactured by Samsung Electronics, is an ARM-based System-on-Chip (SoC) that represents a significant advancement in the company’s CPU offerings. Designed for use in smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices, these processors not only demonstrate Samsung’s original CPU design but also incorporate powerful CPU cores, a graphics processing unit (GPU), and multimedia features that enable high-resolution displays and advanced camera functions. By utilizing advanced technologies for efficient digital signal processing, the Exynos SoC delivers impressive performance and energy efficiency, with each new iteration aiming to improve the user experience. Sophisticated physical failure analysis techniques, such as micro CT and FIB-SEM, provide high-fidelity imaging and detailed analysis, enhancing the potential for reverse engineering. The Exynos line is distinguished by its support for artificial intelligence, fast connectivity, and immersive multimedia capabilities, consistently pushing the boundaries of mobile technology and maintaining a competitive edge in the smartphone chipset market.

Technical specification of Exynos processor

Specification Exynos 990 Exynos 2100
CPU Configuration 2x Exynos M5 @ 2.73 GHz 1x ARM Cortex-X1 @ 2.9 GHz
2x Cortex-A76 @ 2.50 GHz 3x ARM Cortex-A78 @ 2.8 GHz
4x Cortex-A55 @ 2.0 GHz 4x ARM Cortex-A55 @ 2.2 GHz
GPU Mali-G77 MP11 Mali-G78 MP14
Process Technology 7nm EUV 5nm
Camera Support Single-camera up to 108MP Single-camera up to 200MP
Dual-camera up to 24.8MP + 24.8MP Triple-camera support
Modem Integrated 4G LTE-Advanced Pro Integrated 5G modem (sub-6GHz and mmWave)
Memory Support LPDDR5X LPDDR5
Storage Support UFS 3.0, UFS 2.1 UFS 3.1
Display Support Up to WQHD+ @ 120Hz Up to 4K UHD @ 120Hz
Up to 4K UHD @ 60Hz Up to QHD+ @ 144Hz
AI Capabilities Dual-core neural processing unit (NPU) Triple-core NPU
Video Recording 8K @ 30fps or 4K UHD @ 120fps 8K @ 60fps or 4K UHD @ 120fps
Charging Technology Not specified Not specified


History of Exynos Processor

The Exynos processor, developed by Samsung Electronics, has undergone significant evolution since its inception in 2010 with the Exynos 3 Single, first used in the Samsung Galaxy S. Originally designed as a system-on-chip for advanced sound signal processing, its functionality quickly expanded into electronic musical instruments, enabling the generation of digital waveforms. Over time, the Exynos architecture has been improved with enhancements in CPU and GPU cores, LTE connectivity, and fabrication processes to enhance performance and energy efficiency. Its versatility has been demonstrated through its ability to handle complex image processing tasks, such as run-length encoding. Notable advancements in its development include the Exynos 4 Quad, which introduced quad-core mobile processing, and the Exynos 5 Octa, which implemented big.LITTLE technology and an octa-core CPU setup. Despite competition from other chipmakers, the Exynos series has become a key component in Samsung’s range of devices, from smartphones to tablets, showcasing Samsung’s expertise in semiconductor technology and commitment to driving mobile innovation.

Features of the Exynos Processor

The Exynos processor developed by Samsung is well-known for its high performance and efficiency. It offers advanced computing capabilities, superior graphics, and energy-saving features that improve the user experience on smartphones and tablets. This chipset supports the latest technologies, ensuring fast processing and multitasking capabilities, and serves as evidence of Samsung’s innovation in mobile computing.

1. Unbelievable Gaming Experiences

An exceptional gaming experience is provided by the suite of advanced features designed for high performance and immersive gameplay. The powerful GPU delivers smooth, high-resolution graphics, essential for realistic and captivating visuals, while the multi-core CPU architecture efficiently balances processing power and energy consumption to prevent overheating during extended gaming sessions. Enhanced by AI capabilities, the Exynos processor optimizes in-game characters and environments for a more responsive and intelligent gaming experience. It supports fast RAM for minimal lag and quick application loading, and its compatibility with AR/VR headsets and advanced display technologies creates a seamless and dynamic gaming environment. The processor’s ability to dynamically adjust to asynchronous events and user interactions further enhances the immersive experience. With its energy-efficient design, support for high-resolution displays, and fast network connectivity, the Exynos processor delivers console-quality gaming on mobile devices.

2. Lightning Fast 5G Connectivity

The Exynos processor is a leading technology in mobile devices, integrating lightning-fast 5G connectivity to provide users with exceptional speeds for quick downloads, seamless streaming, and responsive gaming. It is designed to meet the increasing demand for high-speed data rates, low latency, and expanded network capacity. The Exynos chipset supports significant bandwidth and low latency in 5G networks. Its advanced architecture includes clock management tools such as multiple PLLs, MUXes, and dividers, as well as clock gating techniques and micro-architectural support for power reduction, improving energy efficiency and extending battery life. The processor’s modem supports both Sub-6GHz and mmWave frequency bands for versatile network performance. The Exynos processor plays a crucial role in powering advanced smartphones by accommodating the rapid evolution of smart devices and connected services, offering comprehensive coverage, peak performance, and future-proof capabilities in various network conditions.

3. Lasting Battery Life

Developed by Samsung Electronics, the Exynos processor showcases efficiency through its advanced power management capabilities that result in prolonged battery life for smartphones and tablets. This processor utilizes various sophisticated techniques, including the incorporation of advanced FinFET process technology to minimize power leakage and the implementation of a big.LITTLE architecture that pairs high-performance cores with energy-efficient ones, allowing for dynamic switching based on workload demands. Additionally, it features an integrated LTE modem on the chip to decrease energy consumption during data transmission. Moreover, the processor includes power-saving functionalities such as adaptive voltage scaling, dynamic frequency scaling, and an advanced Low Power DDR (LPDDR) memory subsystem, which reduce energy consumption during data retrieval and processing. Its built-in control mechanisms anticipate battery longevity, alert users of impending battery depletion, and ensure that devices maintain performance while conserving power, offering users dependable battery life to support their mobile lifestyle.

4. Smarter, More Intelligent AI

The Exynos processor, with its advanced artificial intelligence capabilities, represents a significant advancement in smart mobile technology. By integrating a modular dual-corelet architecture and a dedicated neural processing unit (NPU), this processor enhances machine learning performance and enables features such as real-time language translation, advanced image recognition, and personalized content recommendations. With the ability to achieve a peak performance of 3.0 TFLOPS at 0.62V for fp16 training, it ensures efficient task execution with minimal energy consumption. The chipset’s software-controlled network/memory interface allows scalability to many-core SoCs and large-scale systems, while its on-device AI processing enhances privacy and reduces latency. Additionally, the Exynos processor’s smart power management through AI optimizes battery life by adapting to user patterns and improves device security with features like facial recognition. This combination of speed, efficiency, and advanced on-device processing power positions the Exynos chipset as a strong contender in AI-driven mobile technology.

5. Built For a Creator

Designed with creators in mind, the Exynos processor combines performance and efficiency by integrating advanced CPU and GPU cores for seamless multitasking and handling graphic-intensive tasks. It utilizes innovative techniques such as Multiple List Traversal (MLT) and trigger inhibition, providing essential capabilities for design verification and fault simulation in large circuits. The processor’s AI-accelerated processing and support for high-resolution cameras empower users to capture and edit professional-quality photos and videos. It also includes features for limited editing of image processing parameters, ensuring precision and control. Optimized for vivid high-resolution displays, the Exynos ensures that visuals are rendered in exquisite detail, meeting the needs of graphic designers and digital artists. Additionally, its integrated 5G modem enables fast connectivity for quick uploads, downloads, and real-time collaboration, while maintaining power efficiency for extended work periods without compromising battery life. This makes the Exynos an ideal choice for creators who require reliable, high-performance capabilities to bring their visions to life.

6. 7nm EUV

The 7nm EUV technology utilized in the Exynos processor represents a significant advancement in semiconductor manufacturing. This technology combines power efficiency and high performance to enhance user experiences on mobile devices. The use of extreme ultraviolet lithography allows for more precise chip patterning, resulting in a denser SRAM cell implementation and highly reliable transistors. As a result, the Exynos chip offers increased computational power and energy efficiency by packing more transistors into a smaller area, which is crucial for space-constrained and battery-sensitive devices such as smartphones and tablets. Additionally, the processor features custom CPU cores, a robust GPU, and advanced AI capabilities that efficiently handle complex machine learning tasks. It also supports the latest network standards, including 5G, for fast connectivity. Dedicated image processing hardware improves camera functions and provides immersive multimedia experiences.

7. Artificial Intelligence

The dedicated Neural Processing Unit (NPU) accelerates machine learning tasks, allowing for features such as real-time scene and object recognition for intelligent camera functionality and natural language processing. The Exynos processor, which is equipped with advanced Artificial Intelligence (AI) capabilities, is a leader in mobile technology due to its ability to enhance user experience through improved efficiency and performance. AI-driven optimization also extends to power management, adapting to user behavior in order to improve battery life. Additionally, the processor utilizes innovative AI techniques, such as run-length encoding, to increase image processing speed and compressibility. The integration of AI into the Exynos processor represents a significant advancement in the development of devices that are not only smarter and more intuitive, but also energy-efficient.

8. Security

From Samsung Electronics, the Exynos processor  is designed with advanced security features to protect against unauthorized access and data breaches. The Security Processing Unit (SPU) is central to its security architecture, providing a secure enclave for encryption, decryption, and sensitive operations. Hardware-based Root of Trust (RoT) ensures device boot integrity. The processor also includes a built-in Secure Element (SE), ARM TrustZone technology for a secure virtual space, and biometric authentication mechanisms such as fingerprint and face recognition that operate in an isolated manner for enhanced security. Additionally, the Exynos processor features on-chip security measures like encryption keys, hash values, secure memory areas, and a hardware-backed keystore. These components work together to safeguard software modules, cryptographic keys, and personal data, making Exynos chips a high-performance solution with uncompromised user privacy and data protection against sophisticated mobile security threats.

9. Immersive Visuals with an Advanced Display Solution

The Exynos processor provides an exceptional visual experience by combining cutting-edge technology with advanced display solutions to create immersive three-dimensional visuals. Its sophisticated control system aligns display elements with augmented reality overlays, optimizing viewing angles for a more immersive user experience. Equipped with powerful GPU cores, the Exynos processor supports high frame rates and detailed graphics, offering smooth, vivid imagery with rich colors and deep contrasts thanks to 4K UHD and HDR10+ display technologies. Its advanced image signal processing enhances photo and video quality, making devices powered by the Exynos processor ideal for high-quality media consumption and mobile gaming. Users can expect vibrant, crystal-clear images and a dynamic viewing experience with true blacks and an extensive color spectrum, ensuring each pixel contributes to an extraordinary visual journey.

10. High Quality Photography with Advanced ISP

The advanced Image Signal Processor (ISP) of the Exynos processor represents a significant advancement in mobile photography. It combines high-quality photography with robust ISP capabilities to optimize image processing for both human visual perception and computer vision applications. The sophisticated algorithms for automatic focus, noise reduction, demosaicing, and sharpening ensure that images are captured with remarkable focus and clarity. The processor supports high-resolution sensors and multi-frame processing to produce detailed and crisp images, even in challenging lighting conditions. Features like real-time HDR and bokeh effects enhance the photography experience. Designed to minimize power consumption while delivering fast shot-to-shot times and reducing shutter lag, the Exynos processor’s ISP allows users to capture fleeting moments with ease. Its automatic IQ tuning capabilities eliminate the need for manual image quality adjustments, making it a powerful solution for smartphone users seeking professional-grade image results.

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